Egypt 5

There is a lot to see in and around Luxor. Lets start with a map of the center.


Map Center of Luxor

The Temple of Luxor that you visit today was built mainly by Amenhotep III and Ramesses II, although Akhenaten and Tutankhamun contributed to the complex. After the death of Tutankhamun, Horemheb destroyed almost all the inscriptions that carried his name. It is believed that Horemheb did this to please the priests of Amun who associated Tutankhamun with Akhenaten, the heretic king.

 

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Map Center of LuxorLuxor Temple

The temple is dedicated to the mysterious primeval form of Amun. Once a year the Barques of Amun, Mut and Khonsu left Karnak and were carried in sacred procession to this site for the Opet Feast.
The Statue of Amun of Luxor also traveled in procession every ten days across the Nile to the temple of Amun at Medinet Habu.
The temple site was occupied by previous temples and was (and is) considered a holy site. The Romans used it for their worship and a mosque dedicated to a local saint was built into its walls in the 18th century.

 

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Camel Market Luxor



Then there is of course the Temple of Karnak.
It begins with an avenue of Sphinxes.

Avenue of Sphinxes Sacred Lake Sacred Lake

 

The Karnaktemple (from www.discoveringegypt.com)

Located at the northern end of the town of Luxor, Karnak Temple has three main sacred areas that honour three gods: Montu, an ancient Warrior God, Amun, the chief God of Thebes and Mut, the chief God of Thebes, wife of Amun. Amun, Mut and their son, Khonsu, were members of the sacred family known as the Theban Triad.
The construction of Karnak Temple began in the Middle Kingdom and was completed during the New Kingdom, some 1,600 years later. Every successive king of this era added to the temple, which covers two hectares (five acres) of land. It is a complicated site with four courtyards, ten pylons, a sacred lake and many buildings.
An avenue of sphinxes with curly-horned rams’ heads leads to the entrance to the first pylon. The sphinxes represent a form of the sun god, Amun-Re. Between their paws is a small figure of Rameses II, who won the famous Battle of Qadesh against the Hittites in Syria (1274 B.C.).


sacred lake

 

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Then on the other site of the Nile, the Westbank, you can visit the Valley of the Kings; with lots of tombs; f.i. of Toetanchamon.

Map Westbank Luxor East Valley of the Kings West Valley of the Kings


There are dozens of tombs in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor in Upper Egypt, although not all are royal tombs and the persons for whom many were constructed or begun are not known. The style of tomb construction often gives clues as to which dynasty it belongs.
The Valley of the Kings actually has two components - the East Valley and the West Valley. Those in the East Valley, the one most visited by tourists, begin with the letter KV, while those in the West Valley to the north begin with WV.
The numbering system was begun in the 1820s by John Gardner Wilkinson who painted the number of his sequence up to 21 at the entrance to the tombs he was aware of in the East Valley. For the West Valley, Wilkinson used the designations W1 to W4, but today they are given as WV 22 to WV 25. A few minor tombs not listed below are given other designations.

 

Tomb and their Owners

 

And then of course the beautiful temple of Queen Hatsjepsut.

See for more info on her here Temple Queen Hatsjepsut

 

And further we go